How can tax help to facilitate the net-zero transition?

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The tax system can be a powerful lever to accelerate the just transition, by incentivising innovation, driving behaviour change, the net-zero transition and internalising the cost of GHG emissions. However, and despite the impact of policies like the Inflation Reduction Act and progress on carbon pricing, especially in the EU, tax can be an effective tool for change.

This session, which is part of CEPS' flagship event Ideas Lab 2024, will examine how taxation can be used as a tool to promote the net-zero transition and create a fit for purpose tax-mix for the future. During the lab, we’ll be seeking answers to questions such as:

  • What could Europe do to encourage a more pro-growth tax system?
  • How to ensure that future changes to tax systems will respond to Europe’s green growth ambitions?
  • Which form of taxation is more suitable to finance the green transition, whilst protecting social cohesion? Can green taxes and carbon taxes drive this change, and how can their tradeoffs be managed?


  • Claes Bengtsson, Principal Advisor to the Director General, DG TAXUD, European Commission
  • Assia Elgouacem, Acting Head of the Tax and Environment Unit, Tax Policy and Statistics Division, OECD
  • Sean Bray, Director of European Policy, Tax Foundation
  • Femke Groothuis, Co-Founder and President, The Ex’tax Project
  • Armon Rezai, Professor, Institute for Political Economy of Public Policy, Vienna University of Economics and Business

Moderated by Dr Giorgia Maffini, Director, Tax Policy, PwC.

REQUIREMENTSRegistration to this seminar is by invitation only.